Diary of a Bath Boy Used in Article about Manifest Destiny

In his article for Pacific Northwest Quarterly, “Machine of Manifest Destiny: The USS Massachusetts, 1845-1863,” Michael “Tug” Buse uses the diary of Theodore Brooks Trevett as a stand-in for a lost logbook of the USS Massachussets (1845). The diary chronicles Trevett’s time as a clerk aboard the Navy vessel on a voyage to the Oregon Territory to establish military control at Puget Sound.
 
Theodore Brooks Trevett was born in 1832 to Theodore S. and Catherine C. Trevett of Bath. Like many local boys, Trevett went to sea at a young age. His father, a baker, followed his son to the West Coast sometime in the 1850s. Trevett’s house in Portland, Oregon is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Trevett-Nunn House. His daughters, Lucy K. Trevett and Emily Nunn became active in civil rights organizations in the 1930s.
 
If you’re interested in reading Tug Buse’s article in the current issue of the Pacific Northwest Quarterly, it’s as easy as contacting the Reference Desk! Our reference librarians can provide copies of most journal articles for patrons at no cost. Just email pflreference@patten.lib.me.us with the citation information for the article you want. For Buse’s article, use the citation below:
 
Buse, Michael. “Machine of Manifest Destiny: The USS Massachusetts, 1845-1863. Pacific Northwest Quarterly 112, no. 1 (Winter 2020/2021): 19-33.
 
The “Theodore Brooks Trevett Diary, 1849-1850,” is part of the Bancroft and Trevett Family Papers, 1835-1958 at the Oregon Historical Society.

 

John Hayden Mystery

John Hayden (1808-1892)—jeweler, mariner, one-time mayor of Bath, grandfather of Emma Eames and John Sedgwick Hyde—was said to be a writer of “considerable historical matter,” according to his obituary in the August 20th, 1892 issue of the Bath Enterprise. Some of his works are cited in Parker McCobb Reed’s History of Bath and Environs.
 
Though the History Room and Bath Historical Society collections contain works by many of Hayden’s contemporaries, our search so far has come up empty. There are scattered products of his pen at other libraries, but the bulk of his work appears to be missing. Where could it be? This is one of the many mysteries that keep archivists and researchers up at night. 
 
 

Where We Searched

Our search for John Hayden material has been thorough (but not exhaustive). Here are a few of the tools and sources we checked:

In our collections:

  • The History Room Accession Register – A listing of materials given to the History Room by many, many donors over the years. The History Room reference staff will search the register (currently a Word document) upon request.
  • The Bath Historical Society Accession Register – Ditto as above, but for materials given to Bath Historical Society.
  • Malcolm Hamilton’s Bath, Maine: Bibliography of Materials about the City and Surrounding Towns, from the Earliest Times to the PresentA valuable reference for locally relevant materials.
  • Our vertical file on the Hayden family – Vertical files include newspaper clippings, obituaries, photocopies, and other bits and pieces that wouldn’t be stored elsewhere in the collection. The term “vertical file” comes from an old-fashioned term for a filing cabinet.
  • Our “archival vertical file” on surnames beginning with H – The archival vertical files include single items that are too rare or fragile to go in the regular vertical file.
  • The Minerva catalog – It has more than just books! Over the past three years, we have been working on cataloging our manuscript materials in Minerva (so you can find out about them without having to ask).

In other collections:

  • The MaineCat catalog – Other libraries that have manuscript collections also use their catalogs to share manuscript materials. MaineCat brings together almost all Maine library catalogs, including those of Maine Maritime Museum, Bowdoin College, Portland Public Library, and the Maine State Library. We actually did find a few Hayden materials in MaineCat! Read on below to find out more about them.
  • WorldCat – Like MaineCat, but for the whole world! Any database of diverse formats from diverse places can be challenging to search, but it’s still worth poking around. Also, it’s not exhaustive. Many Maine libraries, like Patten Free Library, are not represented in WorldCat, because it can be expensive to take part.
  • ArchiveGrid – A national shared catalog of manuscript material. As anyone with California cousins knows, what started in Maine doesn’t always stay in Maine. Manuscripts travel! Unfortunately, ArchiveGrid is not exhaustive. Just like WorldCat, it can be hard for small archives to get their records in the database.

 

What We Found

We found two promising resources by doing an LC Subject search in MaineCat.

 

Where We Can Look Next

While archivists and catalogers do their best to help researchers find the materials they need by indexing as many names and subjects as possible, there are hordes of collections—here and elsewhere—that remain uncatalogued, minimally cataloged, or too large to catalog comprehensively. It is frequently up to the researcher to page through manuscript collections if they want to be sure they’re not missing something.

  • It’s possible that Hayden’s writings are part of the Sagadahoc Historical Society collections. The old Sagadahoc Historical Society operated in the late 1800s but dissolved in the nineteen-teens. It’s collections were subsequently scattered between Patten Free Library, Maine Maritime Museum, and private owners. The existing collections have yet to be fully cataloged.
  • Other collections: local historians’ research papers often contain the manuscript materials of others. Several generations of researchers’ papers are here, including those of Henry Otis Thayer, Henry Wilson Owen, and P. L. Pert Jr.
  • Hyde family collections: John Hayden lived at 955 Washington Street, which passed on to his grandson, John Sedgwick Hyde, after his death. Hyde only lived there for a few years before moving to a new house at Elmhurst, also known as the Hyde Mansion. Did Hayden’s papers survive the move? An extraordinarily dedicated researcher might try to track down the fate of any Hyde family materials, which could contain records of the earlier generations. They might try other branches of the family tree as well.

 

Maybe you know where the Hayden papers could be. Have you ever seen anything written by Hayden? Are his works hiding in plain sight in the History Room ? Are they still stuck up in the attic of his former home? Have they traveled far afield with one of his descendants? Help us sleep soundly by letting us know if you have any clues to the whereabouts of John Hayden’s writing. Email history@patten.lib.me.us.

Pride Month: Why Isn’t There More Queer History in Archives?

During his education as a librarian and archivist, reference librarian Jack Martin researched the existence of Queer history (or LGBTQIA+ history) in archives and collecting institutions like the History Room. We like to share items from our collections that relate to current events and national observances, but we found ourselves coming up short for Pride Month this June. Below, Jack reflects on why Queer history seems to be missing, and how we might make it more visible.

Why Isn’t There More Queer History in Archives?

It’s a question that has often been asked in recent years, both within the archival community and from outside it, and the answer is a fairly complicated one. The first part, which is perhaps the most obvious, is that, for the longest time, queer history simply wasn’t well documented, which poses a challenge to archives that work mainly to collect and preserve various kinds of documents. While there have always been queer individuals, historically many would have been reluctant to commit their identities to words for fear of persecution (or prosecution). There’s also the matter of items like marriage records, which attest to the legal marriage of a couple, but offer no indication of whether or not the match was actually a kind of lavender marriage (with the uncertainty having been the entire point). Additionally, the documentation of queer history that does exist tends to be of a negative, institutionalized slant. Some of the most abundant records concerning queer identities in previous centuries are arrest records from police raids on clubs and bathhouses. These records do little to tell us about the lives of the individuals or how they really expressed themselves, and instead document the history of prejudice more than anything else.

There also aspects of the problem that are more specific to archival practice though. Effective archiving requires effective cataloging, and effective cataloging requires the use of a controlled vocabulary. A ‘controlled vocabulary’ is a bit of library science jargon that essentially means a list of words members of the profession have agreed have specific meanings in the context of their work. If you remember old card catalogs, think of what a nightmare it would be if books on “vernal pools” and books on “swimming pools” were filed together under “pools”! While there have been some attempts to establish a reliable controlled vocabulary for terms related to LGBTQIA+ identities (such as the Homosaurus) these still present challenges. A significant aspect of celebrating LGBTQIA+ Pride is celebrating individual identities, and there are many individuals who reject or are opposed to certain labels. Even the use of ‘queer’ as an umbrella term for the whole spectrum of LGBTQIA+ identities is a bit of a contentious issue outside of academia.

We also run into issues with retroactively applying labels to individuals who did not or often could not have identified with a given term, and coupled with a lack of concrete documentation, we are often working off little more than hearsay anyway. This is an especially problematic issue for archives as institutions, as according to professional standards, the job of archivists is to preserve and provide access to materials, not to interpret them. Of course, ‘interpret’ is a pretty vague term and the line is often hazy. If we receive a letter wherein a man seems to be refer to another man as a romantic partner, but doesn’t explicitly refer to their relationship as being romantic, should we include a subject tag about homosexuality or queer identities in the catalog? Conventional ‘best practice’ for archiving would say that we shouldn’t, but there has been increasing pushback against these ideas. If we refuse to engage in any level of interpretation where minority identities are concerned, are we facilitating or participating in the erasure of queer history? Unfortunately, it’s a question that has no easy answer because it must always be followed up with, ‘How far would be too far?’

The purpose of sharing these challenges isn’t to try and make excuses for why our current resources concerning LGBTQIA+ history are rather lacking. Rather, we want to be open and honest about the challenges we’re facing in bringing this history to light and some of the questions we’re grappling with. It’s also something of an invitation to the community to offer input in the process. What are the best ways to handle this material sensitively? Is there a general consensus around what terms we should use or avoid? Are there materials documenting local queer history they’d be willing to share or like to see preserved? We would appreciate any input that could help us to make archives a more welcoming, inclusive space that document the full breadth of the human experience, rather than just what might be called the norm.

Thoughts? Questions? You can reach Jack through the History Room email, history@patten.lib.me.us.

Tour #3 of Opening Doors in Historic Bath

Irene Drago, local author and a trustee of Sagadahoc Preservation Inc., asked us to share this message about the third and final virtual tour offered by SPI this spring.

Dear Supporters of SPI,

Sagadahoc Preservation Inc. is delighted to offer Tour #3 of Opening Doors in Historic Bath for a $10 donation. We’re able to extend this offer because our previous tours have exceeded our expectations and one donor in particular was especially giving. In the throes of COVID-19, our online tours have kept us connected, and they’ve kept historic preservation moving forward. Thank you for supporting SPI! We sincerely hope you’ll join us for the last tour of the series on April 23–25.

For Alicia, Annie, and me, this has been an adventure to remember. We visited eleven homes, including a downtown loft, and two iconic buildings; and we captured a bit of history on film with the cooperation of their owners. Please join us online for our grand finale. Tour #3 will take you inside a Victorian home with a stunning view of the Sagadahoc Bridge, a Federal-style colonial that once belonged to John Patten, and a storied Italianate—built around an eighteenth-century home—made famous by Benjamin Packard, the renowned shipbuilder and founder of Bath Savings. And for our capstone tour, the president of SPI, Tim Brosnihan, takes us inside the rarely seen sanctuary of the Winter Street Church, including the bell tower. Tim will share the story of the Winter Street Center—its past, present, and future!

Visit https://www.sagadahocpreservation.org/opening-doors-in-historic-bath and request the link for Tour #3, April 23–25. You’ll receive the link via email on April 22.

Yours in preservation,

Irene

Women’s History Month in the History Room

March is Women’s History Month! We shared items and collections from the History Room that illuminate women’s history in our communities in each issue of the library’s email newsletter (sign up here). See each week’s story below!

Old Ladies’ Home

Group of twelve Old Ladies' Home residents seated on a porch

Rollins, F.J. Residents at the Old Ladies Home, Bath, Maine (2006.10.1.16). c. 1900-1907. Otis N. E. Card photograph collection. Sagadahoc History & Genealogy Room.

The Old Ladies’ Home collection (MC 009), includes information about how the charitable institution was founded in the 1870s, how it ran until the 1970s, and the many women who retired to the home at 800 High Street after careers as housekeepers, cooks, seamstresses, teachers, and librarians. The collection also includes the papers of Mabel Cushing Rouse, a seamstress who lived at the home from 1892 to 1905. Watch our History Room Live presentation about the collection here.
 
F.J. Rollins photographed 12 unidentified “old ladies” sometime between 1900 and 1907. Do any of these faces look familiar to you?
 

Woman’s Christian Temperance Union

Handwritten account of the first meeting of the Bath Woman's Christian Temperance Union

2020.003 Book of minutes from the Bath Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, ca. 1883-1896

“The Bath Women’s Christian Temperance Union was organized on the first Monday in March 1881 Mrs. Lillian M. N. Stevens officiating from the State Union. Place, Central Vestry, at 4 o’clock.”
 
So begins the Bath WCTU record book recently donated to the History Room by Maine Maritime Museum, which includes minutes of meetings from 1883 to 1896.
 
In addition to temperance, the WCTU’s political goals included labor rights, public health, and suffrage. Bath poet Alice May Douglas (1865-1943) was a WCTU peace activist. Other members, listed in the image shown here, were: Helen S. Delano, Mrs. Edwin Campbell, Susan N. Philbrook, Fannie A. Weeks, and Abbie Field. In 1883, membership dues increased from 25¢ to 30¢ per year.
 

Women at Work

List of music teachers in Bath in 1922

The Bath, Maine City Directory: A General Directory of the City and the Towns of Arrowsic, Georgetown, Phippsburg, Richmond, West Bath and Woolwich, Vol. II, 1922-’23. “Bath Business Directory, 1922”, (Beverly, Mass. : Crowley & Lunt, 1922), 474.

Our collection of city directories holds specific annual data about women in the workforce, like this list of Bath music teachers in 1922.
 
Women who worked as dressmakers, nurses, milliners, music teachers, and boarding house matrons are listed in the business directory section, while housekeepers, cooks, maids, cashiers, school teachers, and librarians are identified in the name directory. Contrast this local data with the national reports and studies featured in the Library of Congress research guide, Women in Business and the Workforce. Many Bath directories are available online though Ancestry Library.
 

Emma Eames and Matilda Elizabeth Frelinghuysen

Emma Eames and Matilda Elizabeth Frelinghuysen standing in front of a Packard car

Emma Eames and Matilda Elizabeth Frelinghuysen in Whitefield, NH (PC-57, 12). 1938. Matilda Elizabeth Frelinghuysen collection.

Our collection of Emma Eames material is one of the more significant collections that the History Room received in it’s early days. The collection includes photographs of the famous opera singer and programs from her many performances. Jerusha Neely, an intern from Simmons University, is currently researching the provenance of the materials in the collection. She learned that most of the collection came to us via Matilda Elizabeth Frelinghuysen (1887-1969), Eames’ longtime friend and the executor of her estate. The collection includes a photo of the two together in Whitefield, New Hampshire in 1938.
 
The existence of these materials in the History Room is a result of the close friendship between the two women and the Frelinghuysen family’s careful stewardship of the materials.

Opening Doors in Historic Bath

Historic building enthusiasts will be happy to learn that Sagadahoc Preservation Inc., our neighbors at Winter Street Center, will celebrate their 50th anniversary by offering virtual house tours in March.

Sagadahoc Preservation, Inc., kicks off the celebration of its 50th anniversary this year with a series of online guided tours of historic homes and landmarks in Bath, Maine. Hosted by SPI board member Irene Drago, Tour #1 (accessible March 19-21) focuses on four private residences located on Washington and Middle Streets. Viewers will be treated to architectural features, historical information and background stories about these beautiful homes. SPI is a longtime supporter of the Sagadahoc History & Genealogy Room.

The preservation organization was founded in 1971, first, to save the Winter Street Church from scheduled demolition and, second, to support the preservation of Bath’s distinctive architectural legacy increasingly threatened by loss.

For more information, see the event on the Sagadahoc Preservation Inc. website.

 

17th Annual Town History Series on Zoom and BCTV

Announcing the 17th Annual Town History Series

The Sagadahoc History and Genealogy Room announces the seventeenth annual Town History Series!

Speakers from Patten Free Library’s five member communities will present on aspects of their town’s history on five Saturday mornings in January and February.

On January 16, Nathan Lipfert will present Two Centuries of Working for Bath Customs. On January 23, Jack Carr will give the Maritime History of Arrowsic. On January 30, Jeanne McGowan of Georgetown will share the story of Captain Stin Davis….In His Own Words. West Bath’s Peter Stackpole will talk about his family’s One Hundred Years on Campbell Pond on February 6. On February 13, Rob Stevens will present Woolwich Men and the 1779 Penobscot Expedition.

The series will take place virtually on Zoom and air live on Bath Community Television at 10:30 AM.

Register here to receive a Zoom link for each Saturday morning event.

For more information, contact Jill Piekut Roy, Archivist & Special Collections Librarian in the Sagadahoc History & Genealogy Room at history@patten.lib.me.us or 207-443-5141 ext 18.

2021 Schedule

All presentations begin at 10:30 am on Saturday. Stay tuned for more information about special follow-up sessions.

Date Town Title Speaker
January 16 Bath Two Centuries of Working for Bath Customs Nathan Lipfert
January 23 Arrowsic Maritime History of Arrowsic Jack Carr
January 30 Georgetown Captain Stin Davis….In His Own Words Jeanne McGowan
February 6 West Bath One Hundred Years on Campbell Pond Peter Stackpole
February 13 Woolwich Woolwich Men and the 1779 Penobscot Expedition Rob Stevens

A Year of History Room Live

When Karen suggested doing a Zoom program back in March 2020, I had no idea what it would become. History Room Live has been such a joy to produce every week. We’re both going to miss seeing our patrons’ faces while we focus on bringing the 17th Annual Town History Series online.

Jill’s Reflections

We started in April with the idea that we could help patrons access local history and genealogy resources on the web while we were closed to the public. Karen, with her deep knowledge of genealogy databases, kicked off the series with a tour of Ancestry.com resources, then introduced us to the multitude of genealogy resources available on the web. Then, since the first week of the transition from my old job as cataloger to my new job as archivist was also National Postcard Week (May 3-9), I dug into our awesome postcard collections to share some highlights with you. We finished out the first month with Coffee Hour, a casual session which would soon become my favorite day of the month. (Watch recorded History Room Live presentations here.)

In the early days of the pandemic, it was nice to have something challenging to focus on. We brainstormed, studied, brought on guests, learned the ins and outs of PowerPoint, Zoom, and YouTube. At first, my number one goal was to know what next week’s topic would be by the time we started recording on Friday afternoon. Then, as we started getting the hang of things, I managed to slow down and recognize the faces in the audience. Some were faces of people I had already met in person, but many others had been strangers just a month or two before.

The best thing about making History Room Live this year has been meeting people from the community! It has been huge for me to be able to learn about the history of this place – during lockdown, no less! – from the experts who love it. Next best was learning from our guest presenters, Jack, Anna, Craig, Brenda, Tim, and Nathan—and from Karen, who has been a great collaborator.

Once the library reopened to the public in July, I had made some new friends. Some of them came in to do research, some became volunteers and correspondents, and some sent in materials to add to the collection. When we returned to curbside pickup in November, History Room Live was there to keep us connected.

I hope all of our History Room Live friends can join us on January 16 at 10:30 AM, when we kick off the Town History Series with Nathan Lipfert’s presentation Two Centuries of Working for Bath Customs.

Karen’s Reflections

Here’s what Karen has to say about History Room Live:

When Jill and I were planning and developing this program, some of my own personal goals for it were to provide a program for the community, connect with the community, and provide a way for you all to get to know your new archivist (and vice versa). All of those things happened, but there have been other results, too, that I hadn’t expected, though I probably should have. A few people are now volunteers and some of you have donated materials to the History Room. Best of all, we’ve had a lot of great conversations. Sometimes, it can be a challenge to get an audience to participate in programs, but we’ve never had to be concerned about that. In fact, I don’t think of you folks as an audience. I feel more like you’re all partners with us, sharing your own stories and expertise, asking great questions, and helping us better understand our communities and the people and places in them. You also don’t limit these conversations to this one hour; I know many of you reach out to Jill often, and one of you has even emailed me with resources, ideas, and general knowledge. I’ve enjoyed these weekly gatherings with all of you and I truly appreciate all your contributions to us, both personally and professionally. Thank you so much for helping us, and each other, survive this year and find some bit of joy.

Coming Up in 2021

When we resume History Room Live in the spring, I hope to welcome even more experts and local organizations who serve Sagadahoc County and Maine as a whole, to share current projects and research, collection highlights, special skills, or the history of their organization. Interested in presenting? Email Jill at history@patten.lib.me.us or call 207-443-5141 x18.

2021 Bath Historical Society Calendar

Click here to order the 2021 Bath Historical Society calendar.

The Bath Historical Society issues a calendar every year to spread the word about Bath history. This year’s calendar honors Robin Haynes and Peter Goodwin after their retirement from Patten Free Library. Each month features one of Peter and Robin’s picks from the Sagadahoc History & Genealogy Room collections, representing their favorite events, places, and people of Bath, Maine.

The calendar will be available for sale at the Library Bookstore, Mockingbird Bookstore, Wilson’s Drug Store, Main Street Design, Lisa Marie’s Made in Maine & the Bath Sweet Shoppe. Unfortunately, the calendar will not be available for purchase at Patten Free Library during curbside-only service.

The Sagadahoc History & Genealogy Room at Patten Free Library thanks Bath Historical Society for their partial support, and for the work they do to preserve and share Bath’s unique history.

Click here to order the 2021 Bath Historical Society calendar.

Indigenous History in Sagadahoc County

November is Native American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month. We’re honoring Maine’s indigenous peoples by learning more about the Native Americans who have lived in Sagadahoc County.

We’ll start by identifying books in our collection that focus on indigenous history at a local level. Next, we’ll share tips for finding other books about indigenous history on a regional and national level. Finally, we’ll share links to a few online resources.

Sagadahoc County Indigenous History Books

According to the Native Land Map, the Sagadahoc County area is part of Arosaguntacook and Nanrantsouak land. Both peoples, also known as Androscoggin and Norridgewock, are part of the Wabanaki Confederacy.
 
Both the History Room collection and the Nonfiction collection at Patten Free Library include books about indigenous people in Sagadahoc County. These five publications, written between 1853 and 1983, focus on political relationships with indigenous people from a white colonial perspective, making frequent use of the now antiquated term “Indians.”

Baker, Emerson W. “The Clarke & Lake Site, 1654-1676: A Place of Trading as Well as Planting.” Thesis (M.A.) in History. University of Maine, 1983.

Cranmer, Leon E. Cushnoc: The History and Archaeology of Plymouth Colony Traders on the Kennebec. Augusta, Me.: Maine Archaeological Society: Fort Western Museum: Maine Historic Preservation Commission, c1990.

Congdon, Isabelle P. Indian Tribes of Maine : With Particular Reference to Indian Activities in the Regions around the Present Locations of Bath and Brunswick. Brunswick, Me. : Brunswick Publishing Co., 1961.

Sewall, Rufus King. Ancient Dominions of Maine: Embracing the Earliest Facts, the Recent Discoveries, of the Remains of Aboriginal Towns, the Voyages, Settlements, Battle Scenes, and Incidents of Indian Warfare, and Other Incidents of History, Together With the Religious Developments of Society Within the Ancient Sagadahoc, Sheepscot, and Pemaquid Precincts and Dependencies. Bath : Elisha Clark & Co. ; Boston : Crosby & Nichols, 1859.

Shute, Samuel. “Georgetown on Arrowsic Island, Aug. 9th 1717. Annoque regni regis Georg II magnae Britanniae &c. quarto. A confession of hs excellency the governour, with the sachems and cheif men of the eastern Indians.” In Collections of the Maine Historical Society. Vol. 3 (1853), p.361-375.

Maine Indigenous History Books

There is no shortage of books on Maine’s indigenous people. Colonizers have been writing about the topic since they first came to the Americas. The following books were written by people with indigenous heritage:

American Friends Service Committee Wabanaki Program. The Wabanakis of Maine & the Maritimes: A Resource Book by and About About Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Maliseet, Micmac, and Abenaki Indians: With Extensive Resources for All Educational Levels Including Sample Lesson Plans. Philadelphia, PA : Wabanaki Program of the American Friends Service Committee, 2002, c1989.

Brooks, Lisa Tanya. Our Beloved Kin: A New History of King Philip’s War. New Haven : Yale University Press, 2018.

O’Brien, Jean M. Firsting and lasting : writing Indians out of existence in New England. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, 2010.

Subject Headings

For other books about indigenous people in Maine, you can search the Minerva Catalog using subject headings. Keep in mind that subject headings often use antiquated and biased language, but we keep them around because they are amazingly useful (if you’re interested in learning more about that, we recommend an article titled The bias hiding in your library at online news magazine The Conversation.)
 
The following subject headings will lead you to books on each topic:
 

               Indians of North America

               Indians of North America–Maine

               Eastern Indians, Wars with, 1722-1726

               Indian land transfers

               Names, Indian–Maine

               New England–Race relations

               Abenaki Indians

               Arosaguntacook Indians

               Maelcite Indians

               Norridgewock Indians

               Passamaquoddy Indians

               Penobscot Indians

               Red Paint culture

Online Resources

The following websites from across Maine are portals to learning more about the state’s indigenous heritage.

Abbe MuseumPreservation of Wabanaki artifacts, and education on Wabanaki culture

Ancestral Voices “This first presentation in the Ancestral Voices project is the result of a collaborative venture among the AFC, the Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine, and the creators of TK Labels and Mukurtu CMS. Passamaquoddy elders have provided cultural narratives and added traditional knowledge about Passamaquoddy recordings, which were spoken in a French-influenced dialect of the Passamaquoddy language in 1890.”

Indigenous Law Web Archive “(The Law Library) collects and preserves primary law sources of indigenous nations, which are sovereign governments by treaty with the United States.” 

Maine Indians: A Web Resource List for Teachers from University of Maine Hudson Museum
 
Maine Native Studies Resources lists many resources with a brief description of each, including some on this list. 

Maine Memory Network Holding up the Sky exhibit

Penobscot Nation Information and sources for tribal members, also includes some information on Cultural and Historic Preservation.

Passamaquoddy People Knowledge Portal “This website is a glimpse of our rich cultural traditions and history. It will allow future generations of Passamaquoddy to learn about OUR STORY in OUR WORDS.” A project involving wax cylinder recordings expanded into this website which is used as a way to share the language and culture as the Passamaquoddy choose to share them.

Passamaquoddy-Maliseet Language Portal “The Portal is designed as a resource for language learning and research.” 

Resources for Truth, Healing and Change in Wabanaki Territory  from Maine-Wabanaki Reach

Wabanaki Collections “The Wabanaki Collection connects postsecondary educators, grade school teachers, and the general public with a variety of resources that support enhanced relationships between all the peoples of Eastern Canada and Northeastern United States.”

Help Us Learn More About Local Indigenous History

We are always looking for more sources about local indigenous history. Are there titles we missed? Do you have knowledge or ideas to contribute? Contact Jill at history@patten.lib.me.us.
 
Thank you to Karen Richard for the online resource list.

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